Well, we all might have this question, whether to install a range hood through the ceiling or roof? Both may have some similarities as well as dissimilarities; let’s look into them clearly to choose the best option.

One of the most talked-about kitchen appliances is a range hood vent, a must-have in the kitchen. The purpose of this is to filter and purify the gas, smell, fumes, or odors in the kitchen while cooking. This allows you to breathe correctly and makes your kitchen smell neutral.

Before we get into how to vent a range hood, we must know what a range hood is.

It is referred to as an exhaust hood or vent hood. It is just above the range that utilizes the fan to accumulate vapor, smoke, fumes, and other air particles that may have been produced while cooking. It helps by not collecting grease or oil particles on the ceiling or walls, allowing your kitchen to look cleaner.

There are two ways to install a range hood; either you can do it yourself or hire a professional. After deciding which is the best way for you, you can choose whether you want to vent the range hood through a roof or ceiling.

How to vent a range hood through a roof?

To make things easier for you, we will be discussing how to vent a range hood through a roof in a few easy steps.

If you are looking to vent a range hood, here are some of the equipment and materials you will need:

  • Aluminum faced duct tape
  • metal sheet screws
  • Caulk
  • Duct transition
  • Roof-mounted exhaust vent
  • Cordless drill
  • Measuring Tape
  • Flexible duct
  • Hammer
  • Roofing Nails
  • Jigsaw
  • Roof cap
  • Pry bar
  • Roof cap
  • Casting wire

Let us begin with the following steps:

Step 1: Separate the Range Hood

The first step to vent a range hood is to remove the previous range hood. This step is crucial as it will allow you to operate the ductwork within the attic and cast a hole in the roof.

Step 2: Take Measurements

To cast a hole in the roof, you will need to take measurements with a measuring tape. Then following the measurements, mark dots with the help of a marker.

Step 3: Prepare to make a Hole

You will need to pierced holes with the help of a cordless drilling machine, then, with the help of a jigsaw, cut a hole connecting the other smaller drilled holes.

Make sure the hole you have cast is large enough for the ductwork to fit well. The preferred cut is in a 4-inch round hole.

But, if you are unsure of the measurements, then cast a smaller hole and line up the ductwork, then cast according to the size of your ductwork.

Step 3: Attach the Roof Cap

Once you are done with the preceding steps, the following step is to attach the roof cap to the ductwork. Since this method is complex, you will need to take absolute precautions.

After you cut, measure a slightly larger square than the extended part of the vent. Remove the roof shingles with the help of a hook blade.

Lift the shingles gently, giving enough room for the vent to slide.

Step 5: Apply the roof cement/ caulk

This is the last step, and it is to secure the roof cap. You will need to apply cement or caulk on the bottom of the vent. Make sure that the lower part of the flange sits firmly on top. After you have applied the cement, with nailing roofs, secure the lower corners.

After you have managed to complete all 5 steps, wrap up the pieces of equipment, and clean the area well.

How to install a range hood vent through the ceiling?

A range hood vent utilizes ducts that run in the ceiling or walls. Installing the range hood through the ceiling can be more expensive than through the wall. Hence it is advised to install the range hood vent with the help of a roofing builder. But if you are confident, follow the steps to install a range hood vent through the ceiling.

You will require the following equipment:

  • Iron pipes
  • Electric wires
  • Wire clamps
  • Vent cap
  • Rangehood
  • Appropriate sized Ducts
  • Pipe clips
  • Screw holders
  • Cable nuts
  • Pipe flasher
  • Measuring tape
  • Drywall saw

Now, let’s begin with the steps one-by-one:

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Step 1: Deconstruct the Range Hood Vent

To install the appliance, begin deconstructing its parts: the mechanical fan and filter one by one. To install the range hood vent effortlessly, ensure that the hood is empty and loosen its constituent parts. After this step is done, attach the other parts as well.

Step 2: Measure and Mark The Spots on the Ceiling

After you take the measurements, make sure you mark the spots on the ceiling for precise attachments. You will need to use a measuring tape for this. Then mark spots for the dimensions on the ceiling.

Step 3: Puncture Holes on the Marked Spots with a Drilling Machine

After you have marked the spots, the following step is to drill holes on the spots. To vent a range hood from the ceiling, you will need a drill machine. After drilling the holes, you will have to put electric wires through them.

This step will demand you to be precise and accurate. If you make a mistake here, it won’t be easy to continue the process, and you will have to start over.

Depending on your ceiling’s material, whether it’s cement, concrete, or wood, you will need a wide variety of tools.

After you are done with the markings for an opening outside the ceiling, drill an opening for the range hood. If you are a beginner, it might be difficult, but keep your hands steady and follow these steps.

Step 5: Fix the Deconstructed Units

Don’t forget about the Deconstructed units in step one for the range hood vent. Now to install the range hood vent fix those units correctly.

Be cautious before fixing them together with the wire clips. You may take some help for this step if you find it difficult.

Step 6: Mount the Range Hood Vent

After you have successfully managed to finish step 5, start to mount the range hood vent. Ensure that you have not left out any unit for the range hood and that the units are well fused.

Then begin by ducting the holes of the vent together within one point and mount the range hood on the ceiling into the hole.

Step 7: Enclose the Range Hood

After you are done mounting the range hood vent, ensure that it has been fixated and secured properly. The following action you should take is to enclose the range hood with ceiling gum’s help, as it will hold it effectively.

You should focus on the holes at the center of the pipe and ensure it’s closed properly.

The pipes connected to the roof will also require some ceiling gum to enclose them. The units need to be steady while applying this. This step requires some precision and accuracy.

Step: Wrap up the Procedure and Clear up the mess

After you have mounted the range hood vent, make sure to settle any device you may have deconstructed for safety reasons. For instance, the fan in the kitchen. Put it back to its original place and clean up the kitchen space which may have any cement debris or dust and other equipment



Cooking with a strong smell of spices and having grease or oil particles all over your kitchen can give such an unhygienic and unappealing look.

A range hood vent in the kitchen improves the circulation of air and keeps the kitchen clean.

It is necessary to install one as it aids in cleaning the air while cooking and makes you feel comfortable, and gives a classy look to your kitchen. As per our suggestion, installing a range hood through the ceiling is the most efficient option. Rest you can decide as per space, locality and your needs.

Since professional installations are expensive, employing the DIY strategy and following these steps on installing a range hood vent through the ceiling or a wall can be extremely cost-effective. It will help you save a lot of money and be an interesting project to work on with your family.

But, if you are unsure and still think it should be done by professionals, make sure you look for a good roofing builder. 






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